Sharing and using data across systems (REST / JSON / Mura JS)

Basics: REST

Excellent primer on Restful Web Services.

Basics: JSONP

JSONP (JSON with padding) is used to request data from a server residing in a different domain than the client. It was proposed by Bob Ippolito in 2005.[1] JSONP enables sharing of data bypassing same-origin policy. The policy disallows running JavaScript to read media DOM elements or XHR data fetched from outside the page's origin. The aggregation of the site's scheme, port number and host name identifies as its origin. Due to inherent insecurities, JSONP is being replaced by CORS.

Basics: OAuth 2.0

OAuth 2.0 is the industry-standard protocol for authorization. OAuth 2.0 supersedes the work done on the original OAuth protocol created in 2006. OAuth 2.0 focuses on client developer simplicity while providing specific authorization flows for web applications, desktop applications, mobile phones, and living room devices. This specification is being developed within the IETF OAuth WG.

Representational state transfer (REST) or RESTful web services

Representational state transfer (REST) or RESTful web services are a way of providing interoperability between computer systems on the Internet. REST-compliant Web services allow requesting systems to access and manipulate textual representations of Web resources using a uniform and predefined set of stateless operations. Other forms of Web services exist which expose their own arbitrary sets of operations such as WSDL and SOAP.[1]

"Web resources" were first defined on the World Wide Web as documents or files identified by their URLs, but today they have a much more generic and abstract definition encompassing every thing or entity that can be identified, named, addressed or handled, in any way whatsoever, on the Web. In a RESTful Web service, requests made to a resource's URI will elicit a response that may be in XML, HTML, JSON or some other defined format. The response may confirm that some alteration has been made to the stored resource, and it may provide hypertext links to other related resources or collections of resources. Using HTTP, as is most common, the kind of operations available include those predefined by the HTTP methods GET, POST, PUT, DELETE and so on.

By using a stateless protocol and standard operations, REST systems aim for fast performance, reliability, and the ability to grow, by re-using components that can be managed and updated without affecting the system as a whole, even while it is running.

Loading JavaScript and CSS Files With Mura.js

Mura.js allows JavaScript developers to load their JS and CSS files synchronously or asynchronously. This is especially useful for display objects rendered via CFML.

Mura.js

Mura.js originally began as a lightweight utility to decouple Mura's dependency on jQuery, a popular JavaScript library. Since its inception, Mura.js has also grown into a JavaScript framework for interacting with Mura's JSON API, which allows Mura CMS to be the main content creation hub within an organization, and allows developers to build their applications as pure JavaScript clients.

A Front End Developer's Guide to GraphQL